Prospective assessment of antidonor cellular alloreactivity is a tool for guidance of immunosuppression in kidney transplantation

Current characterization of the immune risk in renal transplant patients is only focused on the assessment of preformed circulating alloantibodies; however, alloreactive memory T cells are key players in mediating allograft rejection. Immune monitoring of antidonor alloreactive memory/effector T cells using an IFN-? Elispot has been shown to distinguish patients at risk for immune-mediated graft dysfunction, suggesting a potential tool for immunosuppression individualization.

In this nonrandomized study, we prospectively assessed donor and nondonor T-cell alloreactivity in 60 highly alloreactive patients receiving calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression and in non-T-cell alloreactive transplant recipients treated with a calcineurin inhibitor-free regimen. The impact was evaluated using 1-year allograft outcome. We found a strong association between ongoing antidonor T-cell alloreactivity and histological lesions of acute T cell–mediated rejection in 6-month protocol biopsies, distinguishing those patients with better 1-year graft function, regardless of immunosuppression regimen. Interestingly, evidence for enhanced immune regulation, driven by circulating Foxp3-demethylated regulatory T cells, was only observed among patients achieving antidonor T-cell hyporesponsiveness. Thus, prospective evaluation of donor-specific T-cell sensitization may add crucial information on the alloimmune state of transplanted patients to be used in daily clinical practice.


Authors: Oriol Bestard, Josep M Cruzado, Marc Lucia, Elena Crespo, Linda Casis, Birgit Sawitzki, Katrin Vogt, Carme Cantarell, Joan Torras, Edoardo Melilli, Richard Mast, Alberto Martinez-Castelao, Montse Gom?, Petra Reinke, Hans-Dieter Volk and Josep M Griny?

Additional Info

  • Language:
  • Contains Audio:
  • Content Type:
  • Source:
  • Year:
  • Members Only:

Read 753 times

Scroll to Top